Aims. We analyze OGLE-2007-BLG-050, a high magnification microlensing event (A∼ 432) whose peak occurred on 2 May, 2007, with pronounced finite-source and parallax effects. We compute planet detection efficiencies for this event in order to determine its sensitivity to the presence of planets around the lens star.
Methods: Both finite-source and parallax effects permit a measurement of the angular Einstein radius θ_E=0.48± 0.01 mas and the parallax π_E=0.12± 0.03, leading to an estimate of the lens mass M=0.50±0.14 M⊙ and its distance to the observer D_L=5.5±0.4 kpc. This is only the second determination of a reasonably precise (<30%) mass estimate for an isolated unseen object, using any method. This allows us to calculate the planetary detection efficiency in physical units (r_perp,m_p), where r_perp is the projected planet-star separation and mp is the planet mass.
Results: When computing planet detection efficiency, we did not find any planetary signature, i.e. none of the planetary configurations provides a Δχ2 improvement higher than 60, and our detection efficiency results reveal significant sensitivity to Neptune-mass planets, and to a lesser extent Earth-mass planets in some configurations. Indeed, Jupiter and Neptune-mass planets are excluded with a high confidence for a large projected separation range between the planet and the lens star, respectively [0.6-10] and [1.4-4] AU, and Earth-mass planets are excluded with a 10% confidence in the lensing zone, i.e. [1.8-3.1] AU.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- December 2009
- gravitational lensing;
- techniques: photometric;
- stars: individual: OGLE 2007-BLG-050;
- planetary systems;
- Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 20 pages, 23 figures