X-ray evidence for a mildly relativistic and variable outflow in the luminous Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 509
Context: There is growing evidence for the presence of blueshifted Fe K absorption lines in a number of radio-quiet AGNs and QSOs. These may be fundamental to probe flow dynamics near supermassive black holes.
Aims: Here we aim to verify and better characterise the existence of such Fe K absorption at ~8-10 keV in the luminous Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 509, one of the most promising target for these studies.
Methods: We present a comprehensive spectral analysis of the six XMM-Newton observations of the source (for a total of ~200 ks), focusing on a detailed and systematic search for absorption features in the high-energy data.
Results: We detect several absorption features at rest-frame energies ~8-8.5 keV and ~9.7 keV. The lines are consistent with being produced by H-like iron Kα and Kβ shell absorptions associated with an outflow with a mildly relativistic velocity of ~0.14-0.2 c. The lines are found to be variable in energy and, marginally, in intensity, implying variations in either the column density, geometry and/or ionization structure of the outflow are common.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- September 2009
- galaxies: active;
- X-rays: galaxies;
- accretion disks;
- thechniques: spectroscopic;
- line: formation;
- galaxies: Seyfert;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
- 8 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in A&