For a static array A of n ordered objects, a range minimum query asks for the position of the minimum between two specified array indices. We show how to preprocess A into a scheme of size 2n+o(n) bits that allows to answer range minimum queries on A in constant time. This space is asymptotically optimal in the important setting where access to A is not permitted after the preprocessing step. Our scheme can be computed in linear time, using only n + o(n) additional bits at construction time. In interesting by-product is that we also improve on LCA-computation in BPS- or DFUDS-encoded trees.