The systematics of OB spectra are reviewed in the optical domain, dominated by photospheric lines, and in the far ultraviolet (both IUE and FUSE ranges), in which the stellar-wind profiles dominate. First, the two-dimensional (temperature, luminosity) trends in normal spectra are surveyed. Then, the normal reference frame having been established, various categories of peculiar objects can be distinguished relative to it, which reveal several phenomena of structural and/or evolutionary significance. Included are CNO anomalies at both early and late O types, three varieties of rapid rotators, hot and cool Of/WN transition objects, and the recently discovered second known magnetic O star. While progress in the physical interpretation of these trends and anomalies has been and is being made, increased attention to modeling the systematics would accelerate future progress in this author's opinion. Finally, preliminary results from a Chandra high-resolution survey of OB X-ray spectra are presented. They provide evidence that, just as emerged earlier in the UV, systematic morphological trends exist in the X-ray domain that are correlated with the optical spectral types, and hence the fundamental stellar parameters, contrary to prevailing opinion.
Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica Conference Series
- Pub Date:
- August 2008
- stars: early-type;
- stars: fundamental parameters;
- ultraviolet: stars;
- x-rays: stars