Leptogenesis is a class of scenarios where the baryon asymmetry of the Universe is produced from a lepton asymmetry generated in the decays of heavy singlet neutrinos. We explain the motivation for leptogenesis. We review the basic mechanism, and describe subclasses of models. We then focus on recent developments in the understanding of leptogenesis: finite temperature effects, spectator processes, and in particular the significance of flavour physics.
- Pub Date:
- September 2008
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
- 111 pages, 8 figures. Added Sect. 3 on anomalous B+L violation. Corrected equations (6.30) and (6.31). Added Sect. 9.1 with a simple example of the effects of flavours. Revised Sect. 10.1 on susy leptogenesis. Added several references, and other minor improvements. To be published in Physics Reports