The properties of 322 intermediate-mass late-G giants (comprising 10 planet-host stars) selected as the targets of the Okayama Planet Search Program, many of which are red-clump giants, were comprehensively investigated by establishing their various stellar parameters (atmospheric parameters, including turbulent velocity fields, metallicity, luminosity, mass, age, projected rotational velocity, etc.), and their photospheric chemical abundances for 17 elements, in order to study their mutual dependence, connection with the existence of planets, and possible evolution-related characteristics. The metallicity distribution of planet-host giants was found to be almost the same as that of non-planet-host giants, making marked contrast to the case of planet-host dwarfs tending to be metal-rich. Generally, the metallicities of these comparatively young (typical age of ∼ 109yr) giants tend to be somewhat lower than those of dwarfs at the same age, and super-metal-rich ([Fe / H] > 0.2) giants appear to be lacking. Apparent correlations were found between the abundances of C, O, and Na, suggesting that the surface compositions of these elements have undergone appreciable changes due to dredge-up of H-burning products by evolution-induced deep envelope mixing, which becomes more efficient for higher mass stars.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
- Pub Date:
- August 2008
- Accepted for publication in PASJ (21 pages, 15 figures) (wrong URL of e-tables in Ver.1 has been corrected in Ver.2)