Control of excited-state population and vibrational coherence with shaped-resonant and near-resonant excitation
We investigated numerically and experimentally the enhancement of vibrational coherence and population transfer in solution using tailored pulses. The general control mechanism is based on the precise control of the absorption after excitation with multipulses. Transient absorption was used as an experimental method to quantify the enhancement after the excitation with a shaped pump pulse in the low-pulse energy regime. A density-matrix approach was used to investigate the effect of the shaped excitation of a four-level system (two ground-state vibrational levels + two excited-state vibrational levels). Density-matrix simulation results suggest similar wavelength dependence as observed in the transient absorption experiment. The results show that enhancement of population transfer and vibrational coherence depends crucially on the overlap between the excitation pulse spectrum and the molecular absorption band.