Electrochemical properties of nanosized hydrous manganese dioxide synthesized by a self-reacting microemulsion method
Manganese dioxide has been synthesized by a new simple self-reacting microemulsion method. The synthesized MnO 2 has been found to be amorphous structure containing a moderate amount of water by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Particles in a spherical shape with about 4 nm in diameter have been observed by transmission electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetic tests have been performed between -0.5 and 0.5 V versus Hg/Hg 2SO 4 in 1 mol L -1 Na 2SO 4 solution at sweep rates up to 50 mV s -1. A specific capacitance value as high as 246.2 F g -1 was obtained, which was much higher than 146.5 F g -1 of MnO 2 prepared by chemical co-precipitation. After 600 cycles, only 6% decrease of specific capacitance was measured which indicated that such a material possesses good cycling property.