The origin of the martian chaotic terrains is still uncertain; and a variety of geologic scenarios have been proposed. We provide topographic profiles of different chaos landscapes, notably Aureum and Hydraotes Chaos, showing that an initial shallow ground subsidence occurred at the first step of the chaos formation. We infer that the subsidence was caused by intrusion of a volcanic sill; which could have produced consequent melting as well as release of ground water from disrupted aquifer. Signs of a volcanic activity are observed on the floor of Hydraotes Chaos, a complex and deep depression located at the junction of three channels. The volcanic activity is represented by small, 0.5 to 1.5 km diameter, rounded cones with summit pits. The cone's size and morphology, as well as the presence of possible surrounding lava flows, suggest that they are primary volcanic cones similar to terrestrial cinder cones. The identification of volcanic activity on the deepest chaos, where the lower crustal thickness and the faults/fractures system contributed to the magma rising, reveals that magmatic activity, proved by the cones, and possibly help by structural activity, has been a major factor in the formation of chaotic terrains.