Astronomical bounds on a future Big Freeze singularity
Abstract
Recently it was found that dark energy in the form of phantom generalized Chaplygin gas may lead to a new form of the cosmic doomsday, the big freeze singularity. Like the big rip singularity, the big freeze singularity would also take place at a finite future cosmic time, but unlike the big rip singularity it happens for a finite scale factor.Our goal is to test if a universe filled with phantom generalized Chaplygin gas can conform to the data of astronomical observations. We shall see that if the universe is only filled with generalized phantom Chaplygin gas with equation of state $p=c^2s^2/\rho^{\alpha}$ with $\alpha<1$, then such a model cannot be matched to the data of astronomical observations. To construct matched models one actually need to add dark matter. This procedure results in cosmological scenarios which do not contradict the data of astronomical observations and allows one to estimate how long we are now from the future big freeze doomsday.
 Publication:

Gravitation and Cosmology
 Pub Date:
 August 2008
 DOI:
 10.1134/S0202289308030018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0705.4108
 Bibcode:
 2008GrCo...14..205Y
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 8 pages