We study an extended and modified SIR model of epidemic spread in which susceptible agents during interactions with infectious neighbors are exposed to the disease and can consequently become infectious. The studied model is extended to include heterogeneity of interactions which is modelled assuming random character of the dose accumulated by susceptible agents in every interaction with infectious neighbors. When the accumulated exposure is larger than the individual's resistance, an agent becomes infectious and consequently introduces a new source of an epidemic which is capable of passing the disease further. We study statistical properties characterizing the course of an epidemic. The examination of the modified SIR model reveals a possible "resonant activation"-like behavior of the system in the duration of the epidemic outbreak and a possible bistable behavior of the model with accumulated exposure. Furthermore, the linear scaling of the duration of the epidemic with the system size for a wide range of the model parameters is recorded.
European Physical Journal B
- Pub Date:
- December 2008
- 87.23.Cc Population dynamics and ecological pattern formation;
- 82.20.Wt Computational modeling; simulation;
- 05.50.+q Lattice theory and statistics (Ising;
- 05.10.Ln Monte Carlo methods