Two typical vibro-impact systems are considered. The periodic-impact motions and Poincaré maps of the vibro-impact systems are derived analytically. A center manifold theorem technique is applied to reduce the Poincaré map to a two-dimensional one, and the normal form map associated with 1:4 strong resonance is obtained. Two-parameter bifurcations of fixed points in the vibro-impact systems, associated with 1:4 strong resonance, are analyzed. The results from simulation illustrate some interesting features of dynamics of the vibro-impact systems. Some complicated bifurcations, e.g., tangent, fold and Neimark-Sacker bifurcations of period-4 orbits are found to exist near the 1:4 strong resonance points of the vibro-impact systems.