Simultaneous Triggered Collapse of the Presolar Dense Cloud Core and Injection of Short-Lived Radioisotopes by a Supernova Shock Wave
Cosmochemical evidence for the existence of short-lived radioisotopes (SLRIs) such as26Al and60Fe at the time of the formation of primitive meteorites requires that these isotopes were synthesized in a massive star and then incorporated into chondrites within ~106 yr. A supernova shock wave has long been hypothesized to have transported the SLRIs to the presolar dense cloud core, triggered cloud collapse, and injected the isotopes. Previous numerical calculations have shown that this scenario is plausible when the shock wave and dense cloud core are assumed to be isothermal at ~10 K, but not when compressional heating to ~1000 K is assumed. We show here for the first time that when calculated with the FLASH2.5 adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) hydrodynamics code, a 20 km s-1 shock wave can indeed trigger the collapse of a 1 M☉ cloud while simultaneously injecting shock wave isotopes into the collapsing cloud, provided that cooling by molecular species such as H2O, CO2, and H2 is included. These calculations imply that the supernova trigger hypothesis is the most likely mechanism for delivering the SLRIs present during the formation of the solar system.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- October 2008
- solar system: formation;
- stars: formation;
- 12 pages, 4 color figures. Astrophysical Journal Letters (in press)