Coronal Plasma Motions near Footpoints of Active Region Loops Revealed from Spectroscopic Observations with Hinode EIS
The solar active region 10938 has been observed from the disk center to the west limb with the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer. In the disk-center observation, subsonic upflow motions of tens of km s-1 and enhanced nonthermal velocities have been found near the footpoints of the active region loops assuming a single Gaussian approximation for the emission-line profiles. When the same part of the active region is observed near the limb, both upflows and enhanced nonthermal velocities essentially decrease. There is a strong correlation between Doppler velocity and nonthermal velocity. Significant deviations from a single Gaussian profile are found in the blue wing of the line profiles for the upflows. These suggest that there are unresolved high-speed upflows. We discuss the implications for coronal heating mechanisms.