For many decades now, General Circulation Models have been developed for the Earth to model our climate. Using these tools, which complexity and efficiency increase with years and computers power, many features of the Earth's circulation may be analyzed and interpreted. But the Earth is a unique case, with rapid rotation rate, with seasons, with water oceans. The Earth GCMs have many parameters finely tuned to reproduce the many observations that are available. How robust are these models under evolving conditions ? To what point may we trust them when exploring Earth's future ? Earth, Venus, Mars and also Titan have dense atmospheres that present many differences, but also similarities. How mechanisms that are at work in the Earth's atmosphere do adapt under these different conditions ? Why are Venus and Titan's atmospheres in super-rotation ? Are the Martian storms produced by processes that also happen on the Earth ? Using the GCMs developed for the Earth for these different atmospheres is very appealing to study these questions. Though the amount of available data is much less for extraterrestrial atmospheres, adapting the terrestrial GCMs to these different environments is worth the effort. Even if the dynamical core may be used almost as it is, adapting the physical parameterizations is not straightforward, but based on the increasing amount of observational data, it may be done with more and more accuracy. These extraterrestrial GCMs may now be used to understand the different features of these climates, but also to compare the different behaviors of these atmospheres under different forcings. It explores the robustness of this kind of tools under widly different conditions, putting strength and confidence in our exploration of Earth's atmosphere future evolution. In this talk, we will present the adaptations that have been necessary to develop GCMs for Mars, Titan and Venus from the LMDZ Earth GCM. These models have then followed their own developments, with many successes in understanding these climates. We will also give exemples of mutual benefits, related to the common base for all these models.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2008
- 0343 Planetary atmospheres (5210;
- 3337 Global climate models (1626;
- 5405 Atmospheres (0343;