SSSPM J1102-3431 brown dwarf characterization from accurate proper motion and trigonometric parallax
Context: In 2005, Scholz and collaborators discovered, in a proper motion survey, a young brown dwarf SSSPM J1102-3431 (SSSPM J1102) of spectral type M8.5, probable member of the TW Hydrae Association and possible companion of the T Tauri star TW Hya. The physical characterization of SSSPM J1102 was based on the hypothesis that it forms a binary system with TW Hya. The recent discovery of a probable giant planet with a very short-period inside the TW Hya protoplanetary disk, as well as a disk around SSSPM J1102, make it especially interesting and important to measure well the physical parameters of SSSPM J1102.
Aims: Trigonometric parallax and proper motion measurements of SSSPM J1102 are necessary to test for TWA membership and, thus, to determine the mass and age of this young brown dwarf and the possibility that it forms a wide binary system with TW Hya.
Methods: Two years of regular observations at the ESO NTT/SUSI2 telescope have enabled us to determine the trigonometric parallax and proper motion of SSSPM J1102.
Results: With our accurate distance determination of 55.2+1.6-1.4 pc and proper motions of (-67.2,-14.0) ± 0.6 mas/yr, we could confirm SSSPM J1102 as a very probable member of TWA. Assuming the TW Hydrae association age of 5-10 Myr, the evolutionary models compared to the photometry of this young brown dwarf indicate a mass of M=25 ± 5~MJup and an effective temperature Teff=2550 ± 100 K.
Conclusions: Our parallax and proper motion determination allow us to precisely describe the physical properties of this low mass object and to confirm its TWA membership. Our results indicate that SSSPMJ1102 may be a very wide separation companion of the star TW Hya.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- October 2008
- stars: low-mass;
- brown dwarfs;
- stars: distances;
- stars: fundamental parameters;
- Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: TW Hya;
- accepted for publication in A&