Recent experiments on short MoGe nanowires show a sharp superconductor-insulator transition tuned by the normal state resistance of the wire, with a critical resistance of $R_c\approx R_Q= h/(4e^2)$. These results are at odds with a broad range of theoretical work on Josephson-like systems that predicts a smooth transition, tuned by the value of the resistance that shunts the junction. We develop a self-consistent renormalization group treatment of interacting phase-slips and their dual counterparts, correlated cooper pair tunneling, beyond the dilute approximation. This analysis leads to a very sharp transition with a critical resistance of $R_Q$. The addition of the quasi-particles' resistance at finite temperature leads to a quantitative agreement with the experimental results. This self-consistent renormalization group method should also be applicable to other physical systems that can be mapped onto similar sine-Gordon models, in the previously inaccessible intermediate-coupling regime.
- Pub Date:
- November 2007
- Condensed Matter - Superconductivity;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
- 11 pages, 5 figures. Contribution to the proceedings of "Fluctuations and phase transitions in superconductors", Nazareth Ilit, Israel, 2007. To be published in Physica C, vol. 468