Primes, Pi, and Irrationality Measure
Abstract
A folklore proof of Euclid's theorem on the infinitude of primes uses the Euler product and the irrationality of $\zeta(2) = \pi^2/6$. A quantified form of Euclid's Theorem is Bertrand's postulate $p_{n+1} < 2p_n$. By quantifying the folklore proof using an irrationality measure for $6/\pi^2$, we give a proof (communicated to Paulo Ribenboim in 2005) of a much weaker upper bound on $p_{n+1}$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2007
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0710.1862
 Bibcode:
 2007arXiv0710.1862S
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Number Theory;
 Mathematics  General Mathematics;
 11N05;
 11J82
 EPrint:
 2 pages, submitted for publication