Generating ekpyrotic curvature perturbations before the big bang
Abstract
We analyze a general mechanism for producing a nearly scaleinvariant spectrum of cosmological curvature perturbations during a contracting phase preceding a big bang, which can be entirely described using 4D effective field theory. The mechanism, based on first producing entropic perturbations and then converting them to curvature perturbations, can be naturally incorporated in cyclic and ekpyrotic models in which the big bang is modeled as a brane collision, as well as other types of cosmological models with a prebig bang phase. We show that the correct perturbation amplitude can be obtained and that the spectral tilt n_{s} tends to range from slightly blue to red, with 0.97<n_{s}<1.02 for the simplest models, a range compatible with current observations but shifted by a few percent towards the blue compared to the prediction of the simplest, largefield inflationary models.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 November 2007
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.103501
 arXiv:
 arXiv:hepth/0702153
 Bibcode:
 2007PhRvD..76j3501L
 Keywords:

 98.80.Cq;
 11.25.Yb;
 Particletheory and fieldtheory models of the early Universe;
 M theory;
 High Energy Physics  Theory;
 Astrophysics;
 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology
 EPrint:
 21 pages, no figures