``Mass without mass'' from thin shells in GaussBonnet gravity
Abstract
Five tensor equations are obtained for a thin shell in GaussBonnet gravity. There is the wellknown junction condition for the singular part of the stress tensor intrinsic to the shell, which we also prove to be well defined. There are also equations relating the geometry of the shell (jump and average of the extrinsic curvature as well as the intrinsic curvature) to the nonsingular components of the bulk stress tensor on the sides of the thin shell. The equations are applied to spherically symmetric thin shells in the vacuum. The shells are part of the vacuum; they carry no energy tensor. We classify these solutions of “thin shells of nothingness” in the pure GaussBonnet theory. There are three types of solutions, with one, zero, or two asymptotic regions, respectively. The third kind of solutions are wormholes. Although vacuum solutions, they have the appearance of mass in the asymptotic regions. It is striking that in this theory, exotic matter is not needed in order for wormholes to exist—they can exist even with no matter.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 April 2007
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.084025
 arXiv:
 arXiv:grqc/0701152
 Bibcode:
 2007PhRvD..75h4025G
 Keywords:

 04.50.+h;
 02.40.k;
 04.20.Gz;
 Gravity in more than four dimensions KaluzaKlein theory unified field theories;
 alternative theories of gravity;
 Geometry differential geometry and topology;
 Spacetime topology causal structure spinor structure;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 13 pages, RevTex, 8 figures. Version 2: includes discussion on the welldefined thin shell limit. Version 3: typos fixed, a reference added, accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. D