Quantum algorithms for the ordered search problem via semidefinite programming
Abstract
One of the most basic computational problems is the task of finding a desired item in an ordered list of N items. While the best classical algorithm for this problem uses log_{2}N queries to the list, a quantum computer can solve the problem using a constant factor fewer queries. However, the precise value of this constant is unknown. By characterizing a class of quantum query algorithms for the ordered search problem in terms of a semidefinite program, we find quantum algorithms for small instances of the ordered search problem. Extending these algorithms to arbitrarily large instances using recursion, we show that there is an exact quantum ordered search algorithm using 4log_{605}N≈0.433log_{2}N queries, which improves upon the previously best known exact algorithm.
 Publication:

Physical Review A
 Pub Date:
 March 2007
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevA.75.032335
 arXiv:
 arXiv:quantph/0608161
 Bibcode:
 2007PhRvA..75c2335C
 Keywords:

 03.67.Lx;
 Quantum computation;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 8 pages, 4 figures