Central gravitational image detection is very important for the study of the mass distribution of the inner parts (~100 pc) of lens galaxies. However, the detection of such images is extremely rare and difficult. We present a 1.7-GHz High Sensitivity Array (HSA) observation of the double-image radio lens system B1030+074. The data are combined with archive Very Long Baseline Array and global very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations, and careful consideration is given to the effects of noise, CLEANing and self-calibration. An upper limit is derived for the strength of the central image of 180 μJy (90 per cent confidence level), considerably greater than would have been expected on the basis of a simple analysis. This gives a lower limit of ~103 for the ratio of the brightest image to the central image. For cusped models of lens mass distributions, we have made use of this non-detection to constrain the relation between inner power-law slope β of the lensing galaxy mass profile, and its break radius rb. For rb > 130 pc the power-law slope is required to be close to isothermal (β > 1.8). A flatter inner slope is allowed if a massive black hole is present at the centre of the lensing galaxy, but the effect of the black hole is small unless it is ~10 times more massive than that implied by the relation between black hole mass and stellar velocity dispersion. By comparing four epochs of VLBI observations, we also detected possible superluminal motion in the jet in the brighter image A. The B jet remains unresolved, as expected from a simple lens model of the system.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- June 2007
- gravitational lensing;
- galaxies: structure;
- galaxies: individual: JVAS B1030+074;
- Accepted by MNRAS