Theoretical investigation of the possibility of isotope separation during motion of charged particles in the electromagnetic field of a cylindrical capacitor and a linear current flowing along its axis
Abstract
A characteristic feature of the trajectories of charges moving in constant axisymmetric radial electric and azimuthal magnetic fields, whose strengths are inversely proportional to the center from the symmetry axis is the exponential dependence of the turning points on the parameters of motion. This leads to a noticeable difference in the trajectories for isotope ions, which makes it possible to obtain a new method for their electromagnetic separation. The trajectories of isotopes being separated are studied theoretically. The conditions under which the trajectories are closed and form toroidal surfaces (storage vortex rings) have been determined earlier. These results are given for convenience in analyzing another problem, associated with the formation of such ionic toroidal vortex surfaces (stable in Wood’s sense) during a streak lightning discharge in the atmosphere (ball lightning model).
 Publication:

Journal of Technical Physics
 Pub Date:
 October 2007
 DOI:
 10.1134/S1063784207100143
 Bibcode:
 2007JTePh..52.1336K
 Keywords:

 28.60.+s