A mathematical theory for deterministic quantum mechanics
Abstract
Classical, i.e. deterministic theories underlying quantum mechanics are considered, and it is shown how an apparent quantum mechanical Hamiltonian can be defined in such theories, being the operator that generates evolution in time. It includes various types of interactions. An explanation must be found for the fact that, in the real world, this Hamiltonian is bounded from below. The mechanism that can produce exactly such a constraint is identified in this paper. It is the fact that not all classical data are registered in the quantum description. Large sets of values of these data are assumed to be indistinguishable, forming equivalence classes. It is argued that this should be attributed to information loss, such as what one might suspect to happen during the formation and annihilation of virtual black holes.
The nature of the equivalence classes follows from the positivity of the Hamiltonian. Our world is assumed to consist of a very large number of subsystems that may be regarded as approximately independent, or weakly interacting with one another. As long as two (or more) sectors of our world are treated as being independent, they all must be demanded to be restricted to positive energy states only. What follows from these considerations is a unique definition of energy in the quantum system in terms of the periodicity of the limit cycles of the deterministic model.
 Publication:

Journal of Physics Conference Series
 Pub Date:
 May 2007
 DOI:
 10.1088/17426596/67/1/012015
 arXiv:
 arXiv:quantph/0604008
 Bibcode:
 2007JPhCS..67a2015T
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
 EPrint:
 17 pages, 3 figures. Minor corrections, comments and explanations added