An energy law preserving C0 finite element scheme for simulating the kinematic effects in liquid crystal dynamics
In this paper, we use finite element methods to simulate the hydrodynamical systems governing the motions of nematic liquid crystals in a bounded domain Ω. We reformulate the original model in the weak form which is consistent with the continuous dissipative energy law for the flow and director fields in W(Ω) ( σ > 0 is an arbitrarily small number). This enables us to use convenient conformal C0 finite elements in solving the problem. Moreover, a discrete energy law is derived for a modified midpoint time discretization scheme. A fixed iterative method is used to solve the resulted nonlinear system so that a matrix free time evolution may be achieved and velocity and director variables may be solved separately. A number of hydrodynamical liquid crystal examples are computed to demonstrate the effects of the parameters and the performance of the method.