Given the observed cosmic acceleration, Leonard Susskind has presented the following argument against the Hartle Hawking no-boundary proposal for the quantum state of the universe: it should most likely lead to a nearly empty large de Sitter universe, rather than to early rapid inflation. Even if one adds the condition of observers, they are most likely to form by quantum fluctuations in de Sitter and therefore not see the structure that we observe. Here I present my own amplified version of this argument and consider possible resolutions, one of which seems to imply that inflation expands the universe to be larger than 101010122 Mpc.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- January 2007
- High Energy Physics - Theory;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
- 24 pages, LaTeX, 8 references added and a distinction between Linde's and Vilenkin's tunneling proposals