Random Boolean networks have been used as simple models of gene regulatory networks, enabling the study of the dynamic behavior of complex biological systems. However, analytical treatment has been difficult because of the structural heterogeneity and the vast state space of these networks. Here we used mean field approximations to analyze the dynamics of a class of Boolean networks in which nodes have random degree (connectivity) distributions, characterized by the mean degree k and variance D. To achieve this we generalized the simple cellular automata rule 126 and used it as the Boolean function for all nodes. The equation for the evolution of the density of the network state is presented as a one-dimensional map for various input degree distributions, with k and D as the control parameters. The mean field dynamics is compared with the data obtained from the simulations of the Boolean network. Bifurcation diagrams and Lyapunov exponents for different parameter values were computed for the map, showing period doubling route to chaos with increasing k. Onset of chaos was delayed (occurred at higher k) with the increase in variance D of the connectivity. Thus, the network tends to be less chaotic when the heterogeneity, as measured by the variance of connectivity, was higher.
International Journal of Modern Physics C
- Pub Date:
- Oscillations chaos and bifurcations;
- Probability theory stochastic processes and statistics;
- Numerical simulations of chaotic systems;
- Lattice theory and statistics;
- General theory and mathematical aspects