The origin of the abundance discrepancy, i.e., the fact that abundances derived from recombination lines are larger than those from collisionally excited lines, is one of the key problems in the physics of photoionized nebulae. In this work, we analyze and discuss data for a sample of Galactic and extragalactic H II regions where this abundance discrepancy has been determined. We find that the abundance discrepancy factor (ADF) is fairly constant and of order 2 in the available sample of H II regions. This is a rather different behavior than that observed in planetary nebulae, where the ADF shows a much wider range of values. We do not find correlations between the ADF and the O/H, O++/H+ ratios, the ionization degree, Te(High), Te(Low)/Te(High), FWHM, and the effective temperature of the main ionizing stars within the observational uncertainties. These results indicate that whatever mechanism is producing the abundance discrepancy in H II regions it does not substantially depend on those nebular parameters. On the contrary, the ADF seems to be slightly dependent on the excitation energy, a fact that is consistent with the predictions of the classical temperature fluctuations paradigm. Finally, we find that Te-values obtained from O II recombination lines in H II regions are in agreement with those obtained from collisionally excited line ratios, a behavior that is again different from that observed in planetary nebulae. These similar temperature determinations are in contradiction with the predictions of the model based on the presence of chemically inhomogeneous clumps but are consistent with the temperature fluctuations paradigm. We conclude that all the indications suggest that the physical mechanism responsible for the abundance discrepancy in H II regions and planetary nebulae are different.Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile, proposals ESO 68.C-0149(A) and ESO 70.C-0008(A).