Femtosecond laser pulses are used to create ultrafast electron pulses from a tungsten nanometer field emission tip. The emission process is rich in features and allows the study of thermionic emission, multi-photon over-barrier emission, ATI-emission, and field induced tunneling . Evidence for the first three processes are presented. The application of the source for interaction between free electrons and laser light , and its relation to dispersion compensation for electron wave packets will be discussed. The use of the source to study low energy with high resolution electron physics is presented. The application of the source to investigate the macroscopic limit of the Aharonov-Bohm effect is tested. And finally, attempts to observe diffraction-in-time as a means to probe attosecond physics are reported.  Peter Hommelhoff, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 247402 (2006),  Kapitza-Dirac diffraction without standing waves: diffraction without a grating? O. Smirnova, D. L. Freimund, H. Batelaan, M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 223601/1 (2004).
APS Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- June 2007