The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) is a very high spectral resolution passive infrared sounder with more than 2000 well-calibrated spectral channels measuring in the range of 3.74 - 15.4 micron. The AIRS instrument was successfully launched aboard the NASA Aqua spacecraft in May, 2002 and has been providing global coverage ever since. The infrared radiance data product is stable to 10 mK/year and accurate to better than 250 mK. The AIRS product is the most accurate and stable set of hyperspectral infrared radiance spectra measurements made in space to date, and its meets the criteria identified by the National Research Council for climate data records. In addition, working in tandem with an Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU-A) instrument, AIRS provides a three-dimensional view of the geophysical properties of the Earth's atmosphere. The geophysical products provide daily global temperature profiles at an accuracy of 1 K per 1 km thick layer in the troposphere and moisture profiles at an accuracy of 20% per 2 km thick layer in the lower troposphere (20% - 60% in the upper troposphere). AIRS standard swath and grid data products are available from the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC). The latest version of AIRS products (Version 5) has many improvements over previous versions including better temperature and water vapor profiles, enhanced Level 2 temperature data products over land and polar regions, first-time retrievals of carbon monoxide and methane, improvements to ozone retrievals, warning 'flags' to identify concentrations of sulfur dioxide and dust and overall improvements error and quality flag parameterization. In addition to the AIRS standard products, the swath-based AIRS products are also produced in near real time (NRT) at the GES DISC facility using the same core science algorithms as in the regular science data production but using predicted ephemeris in place of definitive ephemeris data. Approximately 80% of AIRS NRT calibrated radiance products are available to the public within 2 hours after the time of observation, 3 hours for 80% of the NRT retrieval products. The AIRS NRT products are useful for those who need data low data latency; they have been utilized in regional weather forecast models as well as in support of regional field experiments. The GES DISC provides a range of value-added services in support of the AIRS user community. Generally, these services can be grouped into data search, access and retrieval, subsetting and format conversion, online data visualization and analysis. Highlights of some of these services include binned Level 2 data for precipitation studies, subsets by channel, parameter or spatial area, data visualization through the Giovanni tool, conversion to netCDF format, Web Map Services and access through OPeNDAP.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2007
- 1610 Atmosphere (0315;
- 1616 Climate variability (1635;
- 3310 Clouds and cloud feedbacks;
- 3337 Global climate models (1626;