Synthesis and structure determination of uranyl peroxide nanospheres in the presence of organic structure directing agents
Recently, actinyl peroxide nanoclusters containing 20, 24, 28, or 32 actinyl polyhedra have been synthesized and their structures identified with single crystal X-ray diffraction . Most nanomaterials are composed of main group elements or transition metals, therefore, these actinyl nanospheres may display vastly different chemical and physical properties due to the presence of filled f-orbitals. A major goal of our research group is to create novel actinyl materials, focusing on nano- and mesoporous materials. The original nanosphere syntheses were limited to inorganic crystallization agents, such as monovalent cations. Over the last decade, the use of organic compounds and surfactants have received increased attention as structure-directing agents for the generation of novel inorganic materials. Using structure-directing organic amines we have successfully synthesized and determined the structures of uranyl nanospheres containing 40 and 50 uranyl polyhedra. The topology of the skeletal U-50 nanosphere is identical to the C50Cl10 fullerene . The topographical relationship between the actinyl nanospheres and fullerene or fullerene-like material may provide additional insight into stable configurations for lower fullerenes.  Burns et al., Actinyl peroxide nanospheres. Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, 2005. 44(14): p. 2135.  Xie et al., Capturing the Labile Fullerene as C50Cl10. Science, (2004) 305(5671): p. 699.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2007
- 3620 Mineral and crystal chemistry (1042)