Local Earthquakes Tomography in the Southern Tyrrhenian Region (Italy): Geophysical and Petrological Inferences on Subducting Lithosphere
The Calabrian Arc, Southern Italy, is characterised by the subduction of the Ionian lithosphere -since Middle Miocene- beneath the Tyrrhenian basin. The related Benioff zone is seismically active to a depth > 500 km. The tomoDD code [Zhang and Thurber, 2003] was adopted to perform the tomography, using a set of 2463 earthquakes located in the window 14°30' E - 17°E and 37°N - 41°N, and recorded by seismic networks of the INGV in the period 1981-2005. Several inversions were performed using different selections of absolute and differential data obtained varying the maximum RMS and the threshold of the inter-event distance. Various synthetic and experimental tests were executed to evaluate the resolution and stability of the tomographic inversion. The inversions carried out for the synthetic and the restoration-resolution test [Zhao et al., 1992] were repeated several times with the same procedure used in the inversion of experimental data. The lack of bias in the models, related to the different grid- node positions, was tested performing inversions rotating, translating and deforming the original grid. To evaluate the dependence on the initial model, several inversions were also done using different 1D and 3D models simulating slab features. Finally, 35 models resulting from the inversions were synthesized in an average model obtained by interpolating each velocity model into a fixed grid. Each velocity value interpolated was weighted with a corresponding DWS (Derivative Weight Sum) resulting thus a Weighted Average Velocity model. The highly resolved sections through the average Vp, Vs and Vp/Vs models allowed us to image several relevant features of the structure of the subducting Ionian slab and of the Southern Tyrrhenian mantle: -the hypocenters are localized in the NW dipping fast area (Vp>8.2 km/s), 50-60 km thick, most likely composed litospheric mantle. Just below, an aseismic low Vp zone (6.6 - 7.7 km/s) 20-25 km thick, is assigned to the partially hydrated (serpentinized) harzburgite. The relation between the decrease of Vp with increasing serpentinization in peridotites [Christensen, 2004] suggests that a Vp of 7.0 km/s can be achieved with a 30-40 vol % of serpentinization. The serpentinized harzburgite, which should coincide with the inner (i.e. colder) portion of the suducting slab, disappears at a depth of 230-250 km, closely corresponding to the experimentally determined maximum pressure stability of antigorite-chlorite assemblages in hydrous peridotites [ca. 8.0 GPa, Schmidt and Poli, 1998; Fumagalli and Poli, 2005]. The vanishing of the low-velocity region with increasing depth could thus be ascribed to the dehydration of the peridotite-serpentinite to less hydrous high pressure phases (e.g. the phase A) , whose seismic characteristics are akin to anhydrous lherzolite [Hacker et al., 2003]. Some other interesting features imaged in the tomography are instead related to the roots of the volcanism of the area (Aeolian islands): two vertically elongated low-velocity areas (Vp ≤ 7.0 km/s) and high Vp/Vs ratios (>1.85) characterize the mantle domains beneath Stromboli and Marsili volcanoes, reaching a maximum depth of 180 km. We relate these low-Vp, Vs and high Vp/Vs bodies to accumulation of significant amounts of mantle partial melts.
AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
- Pub Date:
- December 2007
- 6982 Tomography and imaging (7270;
- 7270 Tomography (6982;
- 8180 Tomography (6982;