Optimization of geometry and modeling parameters of artificial neural networks using genetic algorithms
Abstract
In recent years, artificial neural networks (ANNs) appear to be viable alternative to models that use phenomenological hypotheses (i.e. knowledge based models) for cases (1) the available data are not detailed and sufficient for using a process based model and (2) the detailed complex physics of the system is partially understood. ANNs have been widely used in many fields such as chemical and environmental engineering, hydrology, and water resources applications for optimum prediction of system parameters and variables. However, in most cases, parameters and system variables were forecasted employing suboptimal ANNs. The geometry and modeling parameters of an artificial neural network (ANN) and the training dataset have significant effects on its predictive performance efficiency. The combination of ANN modeling parameter and geometry arranged in the modeling domain (i.e. lower and upper bounds of each modeling parameter and geometry) is large enough (i.e. greater than 100000) that it is difficult to examine all cases using trial and error approach for the selection of an optimum set. Thus, one could easily end up with finding a set of suboptimal values. This study presents the use of genetic algorithms (GAs) to search for the optimal geometry and values of modeling parameters of a multilayer feedforward backpropagation neural network (BPNN) and a radial basis function network (RBFN). The predictive performance efficiency of the GA and ANN combination is examined using two datasets derived from the same population for training. It is illustrated that (1) the GA optimized ANN outperforms to the ANN using a trial and error approach, and (2) ANN predictive performance and geometry depend on the number of samples and the characteristics of samples included in the training dataset.
 Publication:

AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts
 Pub Date:
 December 2007
 Bibcode:
 2007AGUFM.H53A0963S
 Keywords:

 1847 Modeling;
 1871 Surface water quality;
 9350 North America;
 9805 Instruments useful in three or more fields