Context: The collapsar model for long gamma-ray bursts requires a rapidly rotating Wolf-Rayet star as progenitor.
Aims: We test the idea of producing rapidly rotating Wolf-Rayet stars in massive close binaries through mass accretion and consecutive quasi-chemically homogeneous evolution - the latter had previously been shown to provide collapsars below a certain metallicity threshold.
Methods: We use a 1D hydrodynamic binary evolution code to simulate the evolution of a 16+15 M☉ binary model with an initial orbital period of 5 days and SMC metallicity (Z=0.004). Internal differential rotation, rotationally induced mixing and magnetic fields are included in both components, as well as non-conservative mass and angular momentum transfer, and tidal spin-orbit coupling.
Results: The considered binary system undergoes early Case B mass transfer. The mass donor becomes a helium star and dies as a type Ib/c supernova. The mass gainer is spun-up, and internal magnetic fields efficiently transport accreted angular momentum into the stellar core. The orbital widening prevents subsequent tidal synchronization, and the mass gainer rejuvenates and evolves quasi-chemically homogeneously thereafter. The mass donor explodes 7 Myr before the collapse of the mass gainer. Assuming the binary to be broken-up by the supernova kick, the potential gamma-ray burst progenitor would become a runaway star with a space velocity of 27 km s-1, traveling about 200 pc during its remaining lifetime.
Conclusions: .The binary channel presented here does not, as such, provide a new physical model for collapsar production, as the resulting stellar models are almost identical to quasi-chemically homogeneously evolving rapidly rotating single stars. However, it may provide a means for massive stars to obtain the required high rotation rates. Moreover, it suggests that a possibly large fraction of long gamma-ray bursts occurs in runaway stars.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- April 2007
- stars: binaries: general;
- stars: rotation;
- stars: evolution;
- stars: mass-loss;
- supernovae: general;
- gamma rays: bursts;
- Accepted for publication in A&