A non-contact energy transferring system for an electric vehicle-charging system based on recycled products
A non-contact automatic charging system for electric vehicle application is presented. The principle is the same as that of the transformer where the primary and the secondary circuits are separable but coupled with each other without using the hand coupler. In this paper, we present a possibility of removing the core of the secondary coil on the body for reducing the weight of the car. In our experiments, the primary core, which is placed on the earth floor, is made of Mn-Zn ferrite with square shape as 1 m×1 m×10 mm for a large cross-sectional area. The steel floor of the car assists to pass the magnetic flux. An efficiency rate over 90% with the test device of 2 kW is obtained without the conventional secondary core. The leakage inductance is well compensated by a resonance capacitor inserted in the secondary coil. In this experiment, the distance between the primary and the secondary coil is 100 mm and the switching frequency is 100 kHz. In addition, we developed a pavement method for the system. The method utilizes plates made from the waste of expanded polystyrene and rubber mats made from used tire. The plates are set up on the rubber mats and these mats are arranged over the non-contact charging system. The pavements can be replaced easily when the system is exchanged. Therefore, this pavement method is not only practical for the non-contact charging system but is also useful for recycling of resources and reduction of waste matters.