COSMOGRAIL: the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses. III. Redshift of the lensing galaxy in eight gravitationally lensed quasars
Aims.We measure the redshift of the lensing galaxy in eight gravitationally lensed quasars in view of determining the Hubble parameter H0 from the time delay method.
Methods.Deep VLT/FORS1 spectra of lensed quasars are spatially deconvolved in order to separate the spectrum of the lensing galaxies from the glare of the much brighter quasar images. A new observing strategy is devised. It involves observations in Multi-Object-Spectroscopy (MOS) which allows the simultaneous observation of the target and of several PSF and flux calibration stars. The advantage of this method over traditional long-slit observations is a much more reliable extraction and flux calibration of the spectra.
Results.For the first time we measure the redshift of the lensing galaxy in three multiply-imaged quasars: SDSS J1138+0314 (z_lens = 0.445), SDSS J1226-0006 (z_lens = 0.517), SDSS J1335+0118 (z_lens = 0.440), and we give a tentative estimate of the redshift of the lensing galaxy in Q 1355-2257 (z_lens = 0.701). We confirm four previously measured redshifts: HE 0047-1756 (z_lens = 0.407), HE 0230-2130 (z_lens = 0.523), HE 0435-1223 (z_lens = 0.454) and WFI J2033-4723 (z_lens = 0.661). In addition, we determine the redshift of the second lensing galaxy in HE 0230-2130 (z_lens = 0.526). The spectra of all lens galaxies are typical for early-type galaxies, except for the second lensing galaxy in HE 0230-2130 which displays prominent [OII] emission.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- June 2006
- gravitational lensing;
- cosmological parameters;
- quasars: general;
- 9 pages, 19 figures, accepted for publication in A&