Deepwater internal solitary waves near critical density ratio
Abstract
Bifurcations of solitary waves propagating along the interface between two ideal fluids are considered. The study is based on a Hamiltonian approach. It concentrates on values of the density ratio close to a critical one, where the supercritical bifurcation changes to the subcritical one. As the solitary wave velocity approaches the minimum phase velocity of linear interfacial waves (the bifurcation point), the solitary wave solutions transform into envelope solitons. In order to describe their behavior and bifurcations, a generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation describing the behavior of solitons and their bifurcations is derived. In comparison with the classical NLS equation this equation takes into account three additional nonlinear terms: the socalled Lifshitz term responsible for pulse steepening, a nonlocal term analogous to that first found by Dysthe for gravity waves and the sixwave interaction term. We study both analytically and numerically two solitary wave families of this equation for values of the density ratio $\rho$ that are both above and below the critical density ratio $\rho_{cr}$. For $\rho>\rho_{cr}$, the soliton solution can be found explicitly at the bifurcation point. The maximum amplitude of such a soliton is proportional to $\sqrt{\rho\rho_{cr}}$, and at large distances the soliton amplitude decays algebraically. A stability analysis shows that solitons below the critical ratio are stable in the Lyapunov sense in the wide range of soliton parameters. Above the critical density ratio solitons are shown to be unstable with respect to finite perturbations.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2005
 arXiv:
 arXiv:physics/0512006
 Bibcode:
 2005physics..12006A
 Keywords:

 Physics  Fluid Dynamics
 EPrint:
 Phys. Rev. E (submitted)