The ratio of electric to magnetic proton form factors G_E/G_M as measured in polarization transfer experiments shows a characteristic linear decrease with increasing momentum transfer Q^2. We present a simple argument how such a decrease arises naturally in chiral soliton models. For a detailed comparison of model results with experimentally determined form factors it is necessary to employ a boost from the soliton rest frame to the Breit frame. To enforce asymptotic counting rules for form factors, the model must be supplemented by suitably chosen interpolating powers n in the boost prescription. Within the minimal pi-rho-omega soliton model, with the same n for both, electric and magnetic form factors, it is possible to obtain a very satisfactory fit to all available proton data for the magnetic form factor and to the recent polarization results for the ratio G_E/G_M. At the same time the small and very sensitive neutron electric form factor is reasonably well reproduced. The results show a systematic discrepancy with presently available data for the neutron magnetic form factor G_M^n for Q^2 > 1 (GeV/c)^2. We additionally comment on the possibility to extract information about the form factors in the time-like region and on two-photon exchange contributions to unpolarized elastic scattering which specifically arise in soliton models.
- Pub Date:
- November 2005
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
- Contribution to the volume "The Multifaceted Skyrmion" edited by G.E.Brown and Mannque Rho, publ.by World Scientific Publ. Comp., 2009. It is an updated and extended version of a talk originally presented at the workshop Nucleon05 "Nucleon Form Factors", Frascati, Oct. 12-14, 2005