Calibration of the Infrared Telescope Facility National Science Foundation Camera Jupiter Galileo Data Set
The NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, set aside some time on about 500 nights from 1995 to 2002, when the NSFCAM facility infrared camera was mounted and Jupiter was visible, for a standardized set of observations of Jupiter in support of the Galileo mission. The program included observations of Jupiter, nearby reference stars, and dome flats in five filters: narrowband filters centered at 1.58, 2.28, and 3.53 μm, and broader L' and M' bands that probe the atmosphere from the stratosphere to below the main cloud layer. The reference stars were not cross-calibrated against standards. We performed follow-up observations to calibrate these stars and Jupiter in 2003 and 2004. We present a summary of the calibration of the Galileo support monitoring program data set. We present calibrated magnitudes of the six most frequently observed stars, calibrated reflectivities, and brightness temperatures of Jupiter from 1995 to 2004, and a simple method of normalizing the Jovian brightness to the 2004 results. Our study indicates that the NSFCAM's zero-point magnitudes were not stable from 1995 to early 1997, and that the best Jovian calibration possible with this data set is limited to about +/-10%. The raw images and calibration data have been deposited in the Planetary Data System.