Sensitivity of the stress response function to packing preparation
A granular assembly composed of a collection of identical grains may pack under different microscopic configurations with microscopic features that are sensitive to the preparation history. A given configuration may also change in response to external actions such as compression and shearing. We show, using a mechanical response function method developed experimentally and numerically, that the macroscopic stress profiles are strongly dependent on these preparation procedures. These results were obtained for both two and three dimensions. The method reveals that, under a given preparation history, the macroscopic symmetries of the granular material is affected, and in most cases significant departures from isotropy should be observed. This suggests a new path towards a non-intrusive test of granular material constitutive properties.
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
- Pub Date:
- June 2005
- Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter
- 15 pages, 11 figures, some numerical data corrected, to appear in J. Phys. Cond. Mat. special issue on Granular Materials (M. Nicodemi Editor)