We study a relation between droplet configurations in the bubbling AdS geometries and a complex matrix model that describes the dynamics of a class of chiral primary operators in dual Script N = 4 super Yang Mills (SYM). We show rigorously that a singlet holomorphic sector of the complex matrix model is equivalent to a holomorphic part of two-dimensional free fermions, and establish an exact correspondence between the singlet holomorphic sector of the complex matrix model and one-dimensional free fermions. Based on this correspondence, we find a relation of the singlet holomorphic operators of the complex matrix model to the Wigner phase space distribution. By using this relation and the AdS/CFT duality, we give a further evidence that the droplets in the bubbling AdS geometries are identified with those in the phase space of the one-dimensional fermions. We also show that the above correspondence actually maps the operators of Script N = 4 SYM corresponding to the (dual) giant gravitons to the droplet configurations proposed in the literature.