Electronic structure and properties of isoreticular metal-organic frameworks: The case of M-IRMOF1 (M =Zn, Cd, Be, Mg, and Ca)
We investigate the possibility of tailoring the electronic properties of isoreticular metal-organic materials by replacing the metal atom in the metal-organic cluster and by doping. The electronic structure of M-IRMOF1, where IRMOF1 stands for isoreticular metal-organic framework 1 and M =Be, Mg, Ca, Zn, and Cd, was examined using density-functional theory. The results show that these materials have similar band gaps (ca. 3.5eV) and a conduction band that is split into two bands, the lower of which has a width that varies with metal substitution. This variation prompted us to investigate whether doping with Al or Li could be used to tailor the electronic properties of the Zn-IRMOF1 and Be-IRMOF1 materials. It is shown that replacing one metal atom with Al can effectively be used to create IRMOFs with different metallic properties. On the other hand, adding Li produces structural changes that render this approach less suitable.
Journal of Chemical Physics
- Pub Date:
- September 2005
- Polymers and organic compounds;
- Density functional theory local density approximation gradient and other corrections;
- Doping and impurity implantation in other materials