Basic properties of galaxy clustering in the light of recent results from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Abstract
We discuss some of the basic implications of recent results on galaxy correlations published by the SDSS collaboration. In particular we focus on the evidence which has been recently presented for the scale and nature of the transition to homogeneity in the galaxy distribution, and results which describe the dependence of clustering on luminosity. The two questions are in fact strictly entangled, as the stability of the measure of the amplitude of the correlation function depends on the scale at which the mean density becomes well defined. We note that the recent results which indicate the convergence to well defined homogeneity in a volume equivalent to that of a sphere of radius 70 Mpc/h, place in doubt previous detections of "luminosity bias" from measures of the amplitude of the correlation function. We emphasize that the way to resolve these issues is to first use, in volume limited samples corresponding to different ranges of luminosity, the unnormalized two point statistics to establish the scale (and value) at which the mean density becomes well defined. We note also that the recent SDSS results for these statistics are in good agreement with those obtained by us through analyses of many previous samples, confirming in particular that the galaxy distribution is well described by a fractal dimension D ≈ 2 up to a scale of at least 20 Mpc/h. We discuss critically the agreement of this new data with current theoretical models.
 Publication:

Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 November 2005
 DOI:
 10.1051/00046361:20053658
 arXiv:
 arXiv:astroph/0501583
 Bibcode:
 2005A&A...443...11J
 Keywords:

 cosmology: observations;
 cosmology: largescale structure of Universe;
 Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 6 pages, 1 figure. Revised version with minor corrections. To be published in Astronomy and Astrophysics