This is the written version of an invited review talk for the 13 Feb 2004 AAAS Meeting in Seattle. The talk's goal is to present a philosophical view of extragalactic astronomy as it applies to the sub-field of galaxy evolution. The talk is divided into three parts: 1) How we got to where we are (technology drivers to our science goals), 2) What's new and special (how that technology has achieved our recent science results) and 3) How an improved worldview will help us in the near future. The intended audience for this talk is a generally knowledgeable scientist, but not an astronomer by training. This talk is also not intended to be a complete review of the field of galaxy evolution and only includes a few recent results extracted from the astro-ph archives to present the current state of our field.