We investigate matter-induced (or extrinsic) CPT violation effects in neutrino oscillations in matter. Especially, we present approximate analytical formulas for the CPT-violating probability differences for three flavor neutrino oscillations in matter with an arbitrary matter density profile. Note that we assume that the CPT invariance theorem holds, which means that the CPT violation effects arise entirely because of the presence of matter. As special cases of matter density profiles, we consider constant and step-function matter density profiles, which are relevant for neutrino oscillation physics in accelerator and reactor long baseline experiments as well as neutrino factories. Finally, the implications of extrinsic CPT violation on neutrino oscillations in matter for several past, present, and future long baseline experiments are estimated.
Physical Review D
- Pub Date:
- January 2004
- Neutrino mass and mixing;
- Charge conjugation parity time reversal and other discrete symmetries;
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
- 47 pages, 7 figures, RevTeX4. Final version to be published in Phys. Rev. D