The bond-order potential (BOP) for transition metals is a real-space semiempirical description of interactions between the atoms, which is based on the tight-binding approximation and the d-band model. This scheme provides a direct bridge between the electronic level modeling and the atomistic modeling, where the electronic degrees of freedom have been coarse grained into many-body interatomic potentials. In this paper we construct BOP in which both the attractive and the repulsive contributions to the binding energy are environmentally dependent due to both the nonorthogonality of the orbitals and the breathing of the screening charges. The construction of the BOP is described and tested in detail. First, the energies of alternative crystal structures (A15, fcc, hcp, simple cubic) are calculated and compared with those evaluated ab initio. The transferability of the BOP to atomic configurations that deviate significantly from the bcc lattice is studied by computing the energies along tetragonal, trigonal, and hexagonal transformation paths. Next, the phonon spectra are evaluated for several symmetrical crystallographic directions and compared with available experiments. All these calculations highlight the importance of directional bonding and the investigation of phonons demonstrates that the environmental dependence of the bond integrals is crucial for the phonons of the N branch not to be unphysically soft. Finally, the constructed BOP was applied in the modeling of the core structure and glide of the 1/2<111> screw dislocation. The calculated structure of the core agrees excellently with that found in the recent ab initio calculations and the observed glide behavior not only agrees with available ab initio data but is in agreement with many experimental observations and explains the primary reason for the breakdown of the Schmid law in bcc metals.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- March 2004
- Theories and models of crystal defects;
- Total energy and cohesive energy calculations;
- Transition metals and alloys;
- Mechanical properties of nanoscale materials