The computational structure of an optimal motion detector was proposed to depend on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the stimulus: At low SNR, the optimal motion detector should be a correlation or “Reichardt” type, whereas at high SNR, the detector would employ a gradient scheme [Potters, M. & Bialek, W. (1994) J. Physiol. (Paris) 4, 1755-1775]. Although a large body of experiments supports the Reichardt detector as the processing scheme leading to direction selectivity in fly motion vision, in most of these studies the SNR was rather low. We therefore reinvestigated the question over a much larger SNR range. Using 2-photon microscopy, we found that local dendritic [Ca2+] modulations, which are characteristic of Reichardt detectors, occur in response to drifting gratings over a wide range of luminance levels and contrasts. We also explored, as another fingerprint of Reichardt detectors, the dependence of the velocity optimum on the pattern wavelength. Again, we found Reichardt-typical behavior throughout the whole luminance and contrast range tested. Our results, therefore, provide strong evidence that only a single elementary processing scheme is used in fly motion vision.