On the quantum computational complexity of the Ising spin glass partition function and of knot invariants
Abstract
It is shown that the canonical problem of classical statistical thermodynamics, the computation of the partition function, is in the case of ±J Ising spin glasses a particular instance of certain simple sums known as quadratically signed weight enumerators (QWGTs). On the other hand, it is known that quantum computing is polynomially equivalent to classical probabilistic computing with an oracle for estimating certain QWGTs. This suggests a connection between the partition function estimation problem for spin glasses and quantum computation. This connection extends to knots and graph theory via the equivalence of the Kauffman bracket polynomial and the partition function for the Potts model.
 Publication:

New Journal of Physics
 Pub Date:
 November 2004
 DOI:
 10.1088/13672630/6/1/167
 arXiv:
 arXiv:quantph/0309064
 Bibcode:
 2004NJPh....6..167L
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics;
 Condensed Matter;
 Mathematical Physics;
 Mathematics  Mathematical Physics
 EPrint:
 8 pages, incl. 2 figures. v2: Substantially rewritten