Modelling the solute transport under nonequilibrium conditions on the basis of mass transfer equations
A solute transport model that describes nonequilibrium adsorption in soil/groundwater systems by mass transfer equations for film and intraparticle diffusion is presented. The model is useful in cases where breakthrough curve spreading cannot be explained by dispersion only. To evaluate its validity, the model was applied to several data sets from column experiments. The validity was also proved by a comparison with an analytical solution for the limiting case of predominating dispersion. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis was performed to illustrate the influence of different process and sorption parameters (pore water velocity, intraparticle mass transfer coefficient, isotherm nonlinearity) on the shape of the calculated breakthrough curves. The application of the proposed model is discussed in comparison to the widely used dispersed flow/local equilibrium model, and a relationship between both models, which is based on a lumped parameter approach, is shown.