A laboratory study of ice crystal growth characteristics at temperatures between -20° and -70°C has been performed at ice supersaturations and pressures comparable with those in the atmosphere using a horizontal static diffusion chamber. Maximum dimension, projected area, and volume growth rates, in addition to habit frequency, have been measured for individual habit types as functions of temperature, ice supersaturation, and air pressure. It was found that from -20° to -40°C and at ice supersaturations in excess of 2%, the most frequent habits observed were platelike polycrystals and plates, the complexity of forms increasing with increasing supersaturation. Columns appear with low frequency in this temperature range for all supersaturations. At low ice supersaturation (1% 2%), the habit consists of thick plates, compact polycrystals, and occasional short columns and is the region with the highest frequency of pristine crystals capable of producing halos.Just colder than -40°C, there is a marked shift to columnar behavior except at low to moderate ice supersaturation (<10%) where the habit is essentially the same as at warmer temperatures with a small increase in the frequency of short columns. At moderate ice supersaturation (10% 25%), long solid columns and polycrystals with columnar and platelike components are observed. Above approximately 25% ice supersaturation, bullet rosettes, long columns, and column-containing polycrystals are observed, the frequency of bullet rosettes and columns increasing with increasing ice supersaturation. At -60°C and colder, needle forms appear along with columnar forms.These characteristics are portrayed in a habit diagram as a function of temperature and ice supersaturation and are essentially in agreement with the vast majority of atmospheric in situ observations at these temperatures, both of which depart from the previous habit diagrams at temperatures colder than -20°C compiled by Kobayashi, Magono and Lee, and Hallett and Mason.Habit growth rates and habit frequencies have been measured at 10° temperature increments. Exponential fits of these results yield functions that can be used to estimate growth rates and habit distributions at intermediate temperatures for ice supersaturations as low as 1% up to the maximum values, which might be encountered in the atmosphere due to ventilation effects, approximately up to 50% above water saturation between -25° and -40°C and extrapolated water saturation colder than -40°C. Within each habit and under identical growth conditions, observed extremes in growth rates for individual crystals in comparison with average values show variances of ±50%, reflecting a variance in aspect ratio that suggests a critical role of crystalline defects in growth characteristics. These results indicate an even more complex behavior of ice crystal habit than that observed between 0° and -20°C, a behavior that depends not only on temperature and ice supersaturation, but also on vapor diffusivity, related to air pressure, and the initial nucleation process.